Степени сравнения прилагательных / Degrees of comparison

Здесь находится таблица сравнительной и превосходной степени прилагательных, а также особенности употребления той или иной формы. Если у Вас есть трудности в использовании сравнительной и превосходной степени — Вам сюда!

Comparative and superlative adjectives

 

Adjective Comparative Superlative
  1. Short adjectives (1 syllable):
  -er the…-est
fast faster the fastest
big bigger the biggest
long longer the longest
nice nicer the nicest
new newer the newest
tall taller the tallest
warm warmer the warmest
fat fatter the fattest
hot hotter the hottest
polite politer the politest

 

  1. Long adjectives ending with -er, -ow, -le:
clever cleverer the  cleverest
simple simpler the simplest
slow slower the slowest

 

  1. Long adjectives (more than 2 syllables):
  more + adjective the most/least + adjective
famous more famous the most/least famous
interesting more interesting the most/least interesting
expensive more expensive the most/least expensive
careful more careful the most/least careful

 

  1. Adjectives ending with –y:
easy easier the easiest
shy shier the shiest
happy happier the happiest
hungry hungrier the hungriest

 

  1. Irregular adjectives:
good better the best
bad worse the worst
little less the least
many/much more the most
old older the oldest
elder (family, before noun) the eldest
far farther (distance) the farthest
further (information, time) the furthest
late later the latest
  • Comparative adjective + than:

I am older than you.

 

  • Superlative adjective + in + place:

He is the richest man in Europe.

 

  • Superlative adjective + ever (Present Perfect) :

That was the best film I have ever seen.

 

  • not so/as (adj.) as:

He is not so clever as me (I am)

 

  • the (Comp.)…, the (Comp.) :

The more we study, the more we learn,

The more we learn, the more we know,

The more we know, the more we forget,

The more we forget, the less we know.

So why study?

  • the same…as:

Ann gets the same salary as mine

 

  • as…as:

I got here as fast as I could

  1. twice as…as:

Petrol is twice as expensive as it was a few years ago.

  1. three times as…as:

Their house is three times as bigger as ours.

 

  • half as much/many:
    1. half the size:

Our house is half the size of yours

  1. half one’s age:

He is half my age

  1. half the weight:

My car is half the weight of yours

 

! Для усиления прилагательного в сравнительной степени используется слово much.

Comparative and superlative adjectives